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Home > Learn > Nutrition > >What to Know About CoQ10 During Pregnancy

What to Know About CoQ10 During Pregnancy

Jan 17, 24 5 min

Originally published 05/04/2021. Updated for accuracy and relevancy on 01/18/2024

 

You may have started taking CoQ10 when trying to conceive and are wondering when to stop. In this article, we will discuss the safety of CoQ10 and how long to take it.

By OBGYN and fertility expert Dr. Kenosha Gleaton

Coenzyme Q10, CoQ10, is an antioxidant that supports quite a few functions in the body. As a powerful fat-soluble antioxidant, CoQ10 can help protect cells from free radical damage and supports metabolic function, but we’ll focus on CoQ10 for pregnancy here. [1] Sufficient CoQ10 levels also help support healthy egg quality and have been shown to improve IVF fertility treatment outcomes. [2] You may have started taking CoQ10 or other female fertility supplements when trying to conceive and are wondering when to stop. In this article, we will discuss the safety of CoQ10, its role in reproductive health, and how long to take it. The benefits aren’t just for women either, as there are numerous CoQ10 benefits for men as well.

Is CoQ10 Safe?

Data from clinical studies indicate that CoQ10 is highly safe for use as a dietary supplement. [3-4] Overall, studies indicate that CoQ10 supplementation is well tolerated with limited side effects. [2] Doses up to 3,000 mg/day did not cause serious adverse effects in humans; however, gastrointestinal symptoms may appear when the dose is increased beyond 1,200 mg/day.

CoQ10 ( ubiquinone specifically) is considered “possibly safe” to use during pregnancy. [5] The safety and effect on pregnancy rates has not been established due to a lack of large studies. Therefore, you should discuss with your OBGYN taking CoQ10 if pregnant.

Can CoQ10 Cause Miscarriage?

There's no research showing that CoQ10 can cause miscarriage. Some suggest taking a "small" amount of CoQ10 during pregnancy because there is an association between low CoQ10 levels and miscarriage. [6] However, you shouldn't take a Coenzyme Q10 supplementation while pregnant unless you have discussed it with your OBGYN or a fertility specialist.

How Much CoQ10 Is Safe to Take While Pregnant?

Okay, so how much CoQ10 should I take during pregnancy? Since eggs don't stop aging while you're pregnant, some women continue to take a small amount of CoQ10 (120 mg per day) during pregnancy. Our CoQ10 gummies contain 200 mg per serving for optimal results. We also recommend learning more about when to take CoQ10 supplements for efficient usage. We asked one of our Medical Advisors, the "Egg Whisperer" Dr. Aimee what she thinks:

"I tell all of my fertility patients to start taking CoQ10—and to continue taking it until they are finished having children."

That being said, you shouldn't use a CoQ10 supplement or any prenatal vitamin without discussing it with your doctor first.

Support reproductive health and enhance overall fertility. Shop now!

Cholestasis and CoQ10

Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a pregnancy specific liver disorder with potentially serious consequences for the fetus, like increased rate of premature deliveries, fetal distress, and perinatal mortality. One animal study showed that CoQ10 (ubiquinone specifically) reduced oxidative stress.  [7] The authors concluded that CoQ10 may be a therapeutic option for pregnant women with ICP. Another small human study recognized the association between CoQ10 deficiency and ICP, suggesting that CoQ10 supplementation may prevent the risk of oxidative stress in ICP. [8]

Preeclampsia and CoQ10

Preeclampsia is a potentially dangerous pregnancy complication characterized by high blood pressure. One study concluded that CoQ10 reduces the risk of developing preeclampsia in women at risk for the condition. [9] If you are at risk for preeclampsia, talk to your doctor about steps you can take to ensure a healthy pregnancy and delivery.

Should You Continue to Take CoQ10 When Pregnant?

Aside from helping protect cells from free radical damage and supporting metabolic function, Coenzyme Q10 supplementation may also improve egg quality and even female fertility treatment in some cases. If you have been taking CoQ10 supplements while trying to conceive or through fertility treatments, we recommend stopping as soon as you are pregnant UNTIL you discuss it with your doctor.


Dr. Kenosha Gleaton is board-certified in gynecology and obstetrics and is the Medical Advisor of Natalist. She received her MD from MUSC and completed her residency at Carolinas Medical Center in Charlotte, NC.

Dr. Gleaton is passionate about women, youth, and mentoring. She is a Scrubs Camp instructor, a program to increase student entry in healthcare, and serves as a Compassion International adoptive parent. She is also a member of the American College of Obstetrics & Gynecology, the American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists, and the American Association of Professional Women.  


References:

  1. Mortensen SA, Rosenfeldt F, Kumar A, et al. The Effect of Coenzyme Q 10 on Morbidity and Mortality in Chronic Heart Failure. JACC: Heart Failure. 2014;2(6):641-649. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchf.2014.06.008
  2. Zhang Y, Zhang C, Shu J, et al. Adjuvant treatment strategies in ovarian stimulation for poor responders undergoing IVF: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Human Reproduction Update. 2020;26(2):247-263. doi:https://doi.org/10.1093/humupd/dmz046
  3. Arenas‐Jal M, Suñé‐Negre JM, García‐Montoya E. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation: Efficacy, safety, and formulation challenges. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 2020;19(2):574-594. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/1541-4337.12539
  4. Hidaka T, Fujii K, Funahashi I, Fukutomi N, Hosoe K. Safety assessment of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10). BioFactors (Oxford, England). 2008;32(1-4):199-208. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/biof.5520320124
  5. ubiquinone (coenzyme Q-10) | University of Michigan Health. www.uofmhealth.org. Accessed January 2, 2024. https://www.uofmhealth.org/health-library/d04523a1
  6. Noia G, Littarru GP, De Santis M, et al. Coenzyme Q10 in pregnancy. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy. 1996;11(4):264-270. doi:https://doi.org/10.1159/000264313
  7. Martinefski MR, Rodriguez MR, Buontempo F, Lucangioli SE, Bianciotti LG, Tripodi VP. Coenzyme Q 10 supplementation: A potential therapeutic option for the treatment of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. European Journal of Pharmacology. 2020;882:173270. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2020.173270
  8. Martinefski MR, Cocucci SE, Di Carlo MB, et al. Fetal coenzyme Q10 deficiency in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology. 2020;44(3):368-374. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinre.2019.07.006
  9. Teran E, Hernandez I, Nieto B, Tavara R, Ocampo JE, Calle A. Coenzyme Q10 supplementation during pregnancy reduces the risk of pre-eclampsia. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: The Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. 2009;105(1):43-45. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijgo.2008.11.033

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